War Bonds and Stamps:
To help finance the war, the federal government raised taxes, which included the implementation of payroll withholding tax deductions, and mounted a determined campaign to encourage the purchase of war bonds and war stamps. A series of War Bond Drives took place during the war, with government officials and Hollywood actors and entertainers urging even greater participation. Ultimately, Americans purchased some $135 billion in bonds ranging in value from $25.00 to $10,000. Florida, even with its relatively small population, still purchased more than $145 million in war bonds and stamps by 1943.
New Roles for Women on the Home Front:
World War II provided a catalyst for improved economic, social, and political conditions among American women. This prompted demands for even greater advances during the women's rights movement of the post-war years. Women joined the work force as never before in history, while others raised children and maintained households while waiting for their husbands to return from military service. They kept up the spirits of those serving far from home by sending letters and care packages.
Thousands of women and children traveled across the country between military bases as their husbands and fathers were transferred. They fought the battle on the home front, as rationing and shortages of foodstuffs and other products made life increasingly difficult.
Many women donated to wartime charities and volunteered in organizations to assist in the war effort. The Florida Federation of Woman's Clubs, for example, opened its facilities across the state for Red Cross work and USO events. Members also sponsored scrap drives, promoted the planting of Victory Gardens, gathered books to distribute among soldiers, and sold war bonds, including the very successful "Buy a Bomber" campaign that raised $3 million.