Introduction Training Florida Home Front Floridian Service Impact on Florida
Florida on the Eve of War
Pearl Harbor and its Impact
Military Training in Florida
Aviation
Land Warfare
Amphibious
WAAC Training at Daytona Beach
The German Submarine Threat
Civil Defense & Patrols
Rationing & Government Effort
Scrap, Gardens & Kids' Activities
War Bonds & Women's Roles
Homegrown Armor: The Alligator
National Guard & State Guard
United States Army
Navy & Marines
Coast Guard
Army Air Force
Women on Duty
African Americans
War Heroes
War's Impact on Florida
Citrus Goes to War
Industry and War Products
Tourism During the War Years
The War Ends
How WWII Changed the State

Floridians in Military Service: United States Army
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More than 11 million Americans served in the U.S. Army and Army Air Force during World War II. Floridians represented about 1.35% of the total number of Army enlistees and draftees. The Army rose from a strength of just 190,000 soldiers in 1939 to a peak of approximately 8 million men and women by 1945.

Army troops fought in all of the major campaigns of the war, including the European, North African, Pacific, and China-Burma-India theaters. The largest number of troops fought in Europe, beginning with the 1942 North Africa landings, which were followed by the invasions of Sicily and Italy in 1943, and the June 6, 1944, D-Day assault on German-occupied France. The heaviest ground fighting took place over the next year, ending in the defeat of Germany in May 1945.

In the Pacific theater, Army units took part in the gallant, yet futile 1941-1942 defense of the Philippines, followed by the subsequent island-hopping campaigns that included, among others, Guadalcanal, New Guinea, the re-occupation of the Philippines, and Okinawa.

Floridians took part and suffered losses in virtually all of the Army's campaigns, with about 3,500 soldiers dying of all causes during the conflict.

Florida Remembers WWII
Amphibious assault practice on the beach of Camp Gordon Johnston, 1942 -- (Florida State Archives)
 Amphibious assault practice on the beach of Camp Gordon Johnston, 1942
(Florida State Archives)
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