Resources from the State Library and Archives
Interested in learning more about women’s history in Florida? We’ve compiled some resources for you to check out. See the list below for resources from the State Library of Florida, State Archives of Florida, and Florida Memory.
Resources from the State Library of Florida
- Bethune, Mary McLeod. Mary McLeod Bethune: Building a Better World: Essays and Selected Documents. Edited by Audrey Thomas McCluskey and Elaine M. Smith. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2001.
- Boyd, Valerie. Wrapped in Rainbows: The Life of Zora Neale Hurston. New York, NY: Scribner, 2003.
- Carver, Joan S. “The Equal Rights Amendment and the Florida Legislature.” Florida Historical Quarterly 60.4 (1982): 455-481.
- Carver, Joan S. “First League of Women Voters in Florida: Its Troubled History.” Florida Historical Quarterly 63.4 (1985): 383–405.
- Due, Tananarive, and Patricia Stephens Due. Freedom in the Family: A Mother-Daughter Memoir of the Fight for Civil Rights. New York, NY: Ballantine, 2004.
- Green, Elna C., ed. Looking for the New Deal: Florida Women’s Letters During the Great Depression. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2007.
- Hewitt, Nancy A. Southern Discomfort: Women’s Activism in Tampa, Florida, 1880s-1920s. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2001.
- Jackson, David H., Jr. “‘Industrious, Thrifty and Ambitious’: Jacksonville's African American Businesspeople During the Jim Crow Era.” Florida Historical Quarterly 90.4 (2012): 453-487.
- Jones, Maxine D. “‘Without Compromise or Fear’: Florida's African American Female Activists.” Florida Historical Quarterly 77.4 (1999): 475-502.
- Jumper, Betty Mae Tiger, and Patsy West. A Seminole Legend: The Life of Betty Mae Tiger Jumper. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2001.
- Loquasto, Wendy, ed. Celebrating Florida’s First 150 Women Lawyers (PDF). Charlottesville, VA: Lexis Publishing, 2000.
- Macdonald, Peggy. Marjorie Harris Carr: Defender of Florida’s Environment. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2014.
- Mohl, Raymond A. South of the South: Jewish Activists and the Civil Rights Movement in Miami, 1945-1960. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2004.
- Ortiz, Paul. Emancipation Betrayed: The Hidden History of Black Organizing and White Violence in Florida From Reconstruction to the Bloody Election of 1920. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005.
- Poole, Leslie Kemp. Saving Florida: Women's Fight for the Environment in the Twentieth Century. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2015.
- Schwartz, Marie Jenkins. Birthing a Slave: Motherhood and Medicine in the Antebellum South. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.
- Turcotte, Florence M. “For This Is an Enchanted Land: Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings and the Florida Environment.” Florida Historical Quarterly 90.4 (2012): 488–504.
- Vickers, Sally. "Ruth Bryan Owen: Florida's First Congresswoman and Lifetime Activist." Florida Historical Quarterly 77.4 (1999): 445-474.
- Weatherford, Doris. They Dared to Dream: Florida Women Who Shaped History. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2015.
- Weiss, Elaine F. The Woman’s Hour: The Great Fight to Win the Vote. New York, NY: Viking, 2018.
Resources from the State Archives of Florida
The State Archives of Florida collects, preserves and makes available for research the historically significant records of the state, as well as private manuscripts, local government records, photographs and other materials that complement the official state records.
The collections listed here are a small selection of those relevant to women's issues and history. For more, see A Guide to Women’s History Collections at the State Archives of Florida.
- Barbara L. Frye Press Files, 1944-1981, Collection M90-18, State Archives of Florida.
- Beth McCullough Johnson Papers, 1957-1970, Collection M75-74, State Archives of Florida.
- Biographical Records on Mary McLeod Bethune, 1890-1960, Collection M95-2, State Archives of Florida.
- Clausell Family Papers 1932-2015, Collection N2015-7, State Archives of Florida.
- Eunice Liberty Papers, 1967-1995, Collection M95-3, State Archives of Florida.
- Florida Commission on the Status of Women Records, 1974-1985, Series S79, State Archives of Florida.
- James Rider Roy Correspondence With Ruth Bryan Owen, 1930-1934, Collection N2020-3, State Archives of Florida.
- Leona H. Cooper Papers, 1948-1996, Collection M96-24, State Archives of Florida.
- Marjory Stoneman Douglas Letters, 1930, Collection N2017-140, State Archives of Florida.
- Mona Jain Papers, 1989-1998, Collection M96-19, State Archives of Florida.
- Patricia Stephens Due Papers, ca. 1946-2011, Collection N2015-1, State Archives of Florida.
- Roxcy O’Neal Bolton Papers, 1936-2019, Collection M94-1, State Archives of Florida.
- Ruth Bryan Owen Papers, 1901-2008, Collection N2004-1, State Archives of Florida.
- State Librarian Dorothy Dodd Correspondence, 1952-1965, Series S1508, State Archives of Florida.
- Thelma Ann Boltin Papers, ca. 1894-1978, Collection M85-5, State Archives of Florida.
Resources from Florida Memory
Florida Memory provides free online access to a selection of records from these collections and others from the State Archives. Check out some of the digitized resources pertaining to women’s history in Florida.
- In Her Own Words: Remarkable Women in 20th-Century Florida is an online exhibit featuring 15 prominent women in Florida and letters they wrote.
- The First Florida Women in Public Office is a guide to records documenting the earliest instances of women holding public office in the state.
- The Mary McLeod Bethune learning unit brings together photographs, documents and lesson plans about Florida’s best-known educator.
- In this playlist, hear performances by Zora Neale Hurston in Florida recorded by the Works Progress Administration’s Florida Federal Writers’ Project, during the 1930s.
- Watch as attendees of a 1975 pro-Equal Rights Amendment rally march from the Governor’s Mansion to the Capitol in Tallahassee.
- A selection of letters from the Patricia Stephens Due Papers (N2015-1) are digitized in the online collection Stephens Sisters Jail-In Papers, 1960. The letters document the historic 49-day “jail-in” at the Leon County Jail in the spring of 1960 by eight students, including sisters Patricia and Priscilla Stephens.
- The 1956 Tallahassee Bus Boycott was started by two students from Florida A&M University, Wilhelmina Jakes and Carrie Patterson. Read about the boycott in this Floridiana article.
- The accomplishments of Florida feminist Roxcy Bolton are outlined in the Floridiana article Roxcy Bolton: A Force for Equality.